#filmmaking #preproduction #episode3 Pre-production In pre-production, every step of actually creating the film is carefully designed and planned. This is the phase where one would narrow down all the options of the production. It is where all the planning takes place before the camera rolls and sets the overall vision of the project. The production company is created and a production office established. The film is pre-visualized by the director and may be storyboarded with the help of illustrators and concept artists. A production budget is drawn up to plan expenditures for the film. For major productions, insurance is procured to protect against accidents. Pre-production also includes working out the shoot location and casting process. The Producer hires a Line Manager or a Production Manager to create the schedule and budget for the film. The nature of the film, and the budget, determine the size and type of crew used during filmmaking. Many Hollywood blockbusters employ a cast and crew of hundreds, while a low-budget, independent film may be made by a skeleton crew of eight or nine . These are typical crew positions: • Storyboard artist: creates visual images to help the director and production designer communicate their ideas to the production team. • Director: is primarily responsible for the storytelling, creative decisions and acting of the film. o Assistant director : manages the shooting schedule and logistics of the production, among other tasks. There are several types of AD, each with different responsibilities. • Film producer: hires the film’s crew. o Unit production manager: manages the production budget and production schedule. They also report, on behalf of the production office, to the studio executives or financiers of the film. Location manager: finds and manages film locations. Nearly all pictures feature segments that are shot in the controllable environment of a studio sound stage, while outdoor sequences call for filming on location. • Production designer: the one who creates the visual conception of the film, working with the art director, who manages the art department, which makes production sets. o Costume designer: creates the clothing for the characters in the film working closely with the actors, as well as other departments. o Makeup and hair designer: works closely with the costume designer in order to create a certain look for a character. • Casting director: finds actors to fill the parts in the script. This normally requires that actors part-take in an audition, either live in front of the casting director or in front of a camera, or multiple cameras. o Choreographer: creates and coordinates the movement and dance – typically for musicals. Some films also credit a fight choreographer. • Director of photography (DOP): the head of the photography of the entire film, supervises all cinematographers and Camera Operators. • Production sound mixer: the head of the sound department during the production stage of filmmaking. They record and mix the audio on set – dialogue, presence and sound effects in mono and ambience in stereo. They work with the boom operator, Director, DA, DP, and First AD. o Sound designer: creates the aural conception of the film, working with the supervising sound editor. On Bollywood-style Indian productions the sound designer plays the role of a director of audiography o Composer: creates new music for the film. (usually not until post-production) • Thank you. don’t forget to subscribe and share.
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